Roman School
Schola Latína Európæa & Úniversális
Latiné loqui disce sine molestiá!    Learn to speak Latin with ease!
¡Aprende a hablar latín sin esfuerzo!    Apprenez à parler latin sans peine!
Impara a parlare latino senza sforzo!    Lernen Sie Latein zu sprechen ohne Mühe!

Communis Europæa Figura Referentiæ ad Linguas: Disciplina, Doctrina, Æstimatio (CEFR)


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The Schola Latína Európæa & Úniversális works within the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR), adapted for the use of the classical language to the needs of educational and academic practice, as specified below for written and oral skills respectively.


Usus scriptus linguæ Latinæ

A1 Possum scribere brevem simplicemque chartulam, exempli gratia salutigerulam quales per ferias. Implere scio formularia personali descriptione, exempli gratia datis nomine, natione, domicilio ad seminarium æstivum adeundum.

[I can write a short, simple postcard, for example sending holiday greetings. I can fill in forms with personal details, for example entering my name, nationality and address on a hotel registration form]

A2 Possum scribere breves simplicesque adnotationes atque mandata ad res primæ necessitatis pertinentia. Scribere scio simplicissimam epistulam privatam, exempli gratia qua alicujus rei alicui gratias agam.

[I can write short, simple notes and messages relating to matters in areas of immediate need. I can write a very simple personal letter, for example thanking someone for something]

B1 Possum scribere contexta plana oratione de rebus familiaribus seu quibus studeam. Scribere scio privatas epistulas quibus fortunas atque opiniones proprias narrem.

[I can write simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. I can write personal letters describing experiences and impressions]

B2 Possum scribere perspicua atque accurata oratione de variis rebus ad studia mea pertinentibus. Scribere scio commentariolum vel libellum quo notitiam tradam sive aliquam opinionem argumentis confirmem aut refutem. Scribere scio epistulas significando eventuum experientiarumque momentum personale.

[I can write clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects related to my interests. I can write an essay or report, passing on information or giving reasons in support of or against a particular point of view. I can write letters highlighting the personal significance of events and experiences]

C1 Possum scribere perspicua atque bene disposita oratione, exprimendo fusius opiniones. Scribere scio de rebus multiplicibus epistulam, commentariolum vel libellum, significando quæ mihi videntur maximi momenti. Possum genus scribendi eligere destinato lectori aptum.

[I can express myself in clear, well-structured text, expressing points of view at some length. I can write about complex subjects in a letter, an essay or a report, underlining what I consider to be the salient issues. I can select style appropriate to the reader in mind]

C2 Possum scribere perspicua decurrentique atque apti generis oratione. Scribere scio elaboratas epistulas, commentariolos vel symbolas, quæ causam proponant efficaci structura logica quæ adjuvet lectorem quo melius præcipua quæque animadvertat atque meminerit. Scribere scio summas atque retractationes operum technicorum vel poeticorum.

[I can write clear, smoothly-flowing text in an appropriate style. I can write complex letters, reports or articles which present a case with an effective logical structure which helps the recipient to notice and remember significant points. I can write summaries and reviews of professional or literary works]


Usus oralis linguæ Latinæ

A1 Scio simplicibus locutionibus sententiisque uti ut describam ubi habitem atque homines quos noverim.— Colloqui possum simpliciter si quidem alter libenter repetat sive aliis verbis lentius dicat atque adjuvet ut exprimam quæ dicenda mihi sunt. Rogare atque respondere simplicibus quæstionibus scio de rebus primæ necessitatis seu valde familiaribus.

[I can use simple phrases and sentences to describe where I live and people I know.— I can interact in a simple way provided the other person is prepared to repeat or rephrase things at a slower rate of speech and help me formulate what I'm trying to say. I can ask and answer simple questions in areas of immediate need or on very familiar topics]

A2 Scio variis locutionibus sententiisque uti ut describam simplicibus terminis familiam aliosque homines, vivendi condicionem, educationem atque præsente vel recentissimum officium meum.— Colloqui possum cum agitur de simplicibus communibusque muneribus quibus opus sit simplici rectaque mutuatione notitiarum de rebus actibusque familiaribus. Par sum brevibus hominum conversationibus, etsi non soleo satis intellegere ut possim colloquium ipse producere.

[I can use a series of phrases and sentences to describe in simple terms my family and other people, living conditions, my educational background and my present or most recent job.— I can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar topics and activities. I can handle very short social exchanges, even though I can't usually understand enough to keep the conversation going myself]

B1 Scio sententias simpliciter contexere ut describam fortunas atque eventus, somnia, spes ambitionesque meas. Possum paucis causas proferre atque declarare opiniones atque proposita. Possum fabulas narrare vel argumentum libri pelliculæve, atque referre quomodo me moverint.— Par sum plerisque occasionibus quæ oriri possunt peregrinanti inter eos qui lingua loquuntur. Possum ex tempore ingredi colloquium de rebus familiaribus sive quibus studeo sive quotidianis (e.g. familia, otiis, muneribus, peregrinationibus atque præsentibus).

[I can connect phrases in a simple way in order to describe experiences and events, my dreams, hopes and ambitions. I can briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. I can narrate a story or relate the plot of a book or film and describe my reactions.— I can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. I can enter unprepared into conversation on topics that are familiar, of personal interest or pertinent to everyday life (e.g., family, hobbies, work, travel and current events)]

B2 Scio descriptiones perspicue minutatimque proferre de variis rebus quæ ad studia mea pertinent. Possum opinionem declarare de rebus controversiæ, datis diversarum optionum emolumentis ac detrimentis.— Colloqui possum aliqua volubilitate ac naturalitate quæ continentem conversationem cum nativis faciliorem reddit. Possum colloquia sponte producere occasionibus familiaribus, declarando et arguendo opiniones meas.

[I can present clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to my field of interest. I can explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.— I can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible. I can take an active part in discussion in familiar contexts, accounting for and sustaining my views]

C1 Scio descriptiones perspicue minutatimque proferre de rebus difficilioribus, introductis subordinatis argumentis, digressionibus singularibus, atque aptis perorationibus concludendo.— Possum sententias exprimere meas volubiliter atque sponte sine necessitate locutionum nimis evidenter quærendarum. Possum oratione uti ductili atque efficaci urbanis officiosisque propositis. Scio sententias opinionesque verbis ponere accurate, et callide ad sententias aliorum meas referre.

[I can present clear, detailed descriptions of complex subjects integrating sub-themes, developing particular points and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion.— I can express myself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. I can use language flexibly and effectively for social and professional purposes. I can formulate ideas and opinions with precision and relate my contributions skilfully to those of other speakers]

C2 Scio descriptiones atque argumenta perspicue volubiliterque proferre, occasioni apto genere dicendi atque efficaci structura logica quæ adjuvet auditorem quo melius præcipua quæque animadvertat atque meminerit.— Possum sine molestia particeps esse cujuslibet colloqui disputationisque, atque est mihi magna familiaritas cum locutionibus idiomaticis et colloquialibus. Possum sententias exprimere meas volubiliter atque accurate reddere subtiliores significationes. Si qua oritur mihi difficultas, ita possum leniter regredi atque circum ire difficultatem, ut vix animadvertant alii.

[I can present a clear, smoothly-flowing description or argument in a style appropriate to the context and with an effective logical structure which helps the recipient to notice and remember significant points.— I can take part effortlessly in any conversation or discussion and have a good familiarity with idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms. I can express myself fluently and convey finer shades of meaning preciseley. If I do have a problem I can backtrack and restructre around the difficulty so smoothly that other perople are hardly aware of it]